Many local and state run schools follow the same drug and alcohol testing requirements set by most businesses. This usually includes collecting urine samples to test for common street drugs, authorized medicine abuse, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, PCP, and opioids including heroin and prescription pain relievers.
In the case of random drug testing, only students who participate in competitive sports or school clubs are subject to random drug testing.
In addition to testing for common drug related abuse, athletes are also tested frequently for steroid abuse or Performance Enhancing Drugs (PEDS). Most school's have a drug and anti-doping policy which requires securing an athlete’s blood and/or urine sample for testing.
Urine analysis is primarily used because of its low cost. Urine drug testing is one of the most common testing methods used. The enzyme-multiplied immune test is the most frequently used urinalysis. Complaints have been made about the relatively high rates of false positives using this test.
Urine drug tests screen the urine for the presence of a parent drug or its metabolites. The level of drug or its metabolites is not predictive of when the drug was taken or how much the patient used.
Rather, it is simply a confirmatory report indicating the presence of the parent drug or its metabolites.
A 5-panel test is the most common workplace drug test. It is used by local, state and federal companies and government agencies including the DOT. It tests for marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, opiates(Heroine) and phencyclidine (PCP).
Common pain medications such as codeine, morphine and oxycodone are also tested in the opiate category.
The 10 panel drug test is used by private employers. Non-union companies can require their employees to take this type of test, while union based companies must work the unions to show grounds for reasonable suspicion.
This test screens a total of 10 drugs. It allows an employer to determine the health status of new and existing employees.
MD Toxicology provides common 5 and 10 panel substance screening. Typical concern of schools is testing for marijuana, cocaine, opioids (including the prescription pain relievers OxyContin and Vicodin), amphetamines, and PCP. If a school has a particular problem with other drugs, such as MDMA, GHB, or steroids, they can include testing for these drugs as well. MD Toxicology also preforms testing for Steroids or performance enhancing drugs for athletes and school club members, these tests include: